What is a Double in Baseball? (Explained, Facts, and Other Information)


Definition

A double in baseball is when a batter hits the ball and successfully reaches second base (and only second base) without a fielder making an error or attempting to put out another runnerA batter may be credited with a double if they reach third base or home plate, and an error occurred on the play and the official scorer determines that the batter would have only reached second base if the error had not occurred.

Common Questions

What is a ground-rule double?

A ground-rule double occurs when the batter hits a fair ball that leaves play (or otherwise is artificially obstructed while in the field of play) but is not considered a home run. Each runner, including the batter, is awarded two bases (e.g., a runner on first advances to third, and a runner on second advances home and scores a run). The exact stadium factors which dictate a ground-rule double differ by stadium.

How does a Double Affect Batting Average?

For calculating batting average, doubles count the same as every other hit (single, triple, and home run). Batting average only calculates based off total hits.

How Does a Double Affect Slugging Percentage, Relative to a Single?

Doubles count twice as much as a single when calculating slugging percentage

Explanation of Where to Hit the Baseball for a Double

For this explanation, I am including the spray chart (visual breakdown of where a batter hits the ball) for Freddie Freeman’s 2018-2020 seasons. I have limited to only plate appearances that resulted in a double:

Freddie Freeman Spray Chart

From this image, we can draw a few conclusions about how a double occurs:

  1. Doubles can occur on line drives down the first and third base line
  2. Doubles can occur when the ball is hit into a gap between the leftfielder and centerfielder, or between the centerfielder and rightfielder
  3. Doubles can occur when the ball is hit deep: over the outfielder’s head and near the outfield wall

Note: these are basic explanations; lots of overlap among them (e.g., many of the balls labeled (3) are also (2) since balls hit closer to the outfielder are more likely to be caught by the outfielder running to the ball, but others are deep line drives that fall into the gap between the outfielders).

Which Players have the Most Career Doubles?

Player Name # of Doubles # of Plate Appearances
Tris Speaker 792 11,988
Pete Rose 746 15,876
Stan Musial 725 12,712
Ty Cobb 724 13,072
Albert Pujols 669 12,394
Craig Biggio 668 12,504
George Brett 665 11,625
Nap Lajoie 657 10,460
Carl Yazstremski 646 13,991
Honus Wagner 640 11,739
Adrian Beltre 636 12,130
David Ortiz 632 10,091
Hank Aaron 624 13,940
Paul Waner 605 10,762
Paul Molitor 605 12,167

Which Players have the Most Doubles in a Single Season?

What stands out the most: 8 out of 10 of these seasons occurred before 1940!

Player Name # of Doubles Year
Earl Webb 67 1931
George Burns 64 1926
Joe Medwick 64 1936
Hank Greenberg 63 1934
Paul Waner 62 1932
Charlie Gehringer 60 1936
Todd Helton 59 2000
Chuck Klein 59 1930
Tris Speaker 59 1923
Nicholas Castellanos 58 2019

You can find an even longer list over at Baseball AlmanacOpens in a new tab..

Who are the Career Doubles Leaders for Each Team?

Arizona Diamondbacks
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Luis Gonzalez 67 1,194
Paul Goldschmidt 267 1,092
Chris Young 198 885
Stephen Drew 176 3,245
Miguel Montero 172 906
Atlanta Braves
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Hank Aaron 600 3,076
Chipper Jones 549 2,499
Freddie Freeman 342 1,406
Eddie Matthews 338 2,223
Andruw Jones 330 1,761
Baltimore Orioles
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Cal Ripken 603 3,001
Brooks Robinson 482 2,896
Eddie Murray 363 1,884
Brian Roberts 351 1,327
George Sisler 343 1,647
Boston Red Sox
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Carl Yastrzemski 646 3,308
Ted Williams 525 2,292
David Ortiz 524 1,953
Dwight Evans 474 2,505
Wade Boggs 422 1,625
Chicago Cubs
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Cap Anson 528 2,276
Mark Grace 456 1,910
Ernie Banks 407 2,528
Ryne Sandberg 403 2,151
Billy Williams 402 2,213
Chicago White Sox
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Frank Thomas 447 1,959
Luke Appling 440 2,422
Paul Konerko 406 2,268
Nellie Fox 335 2,115
Harold Baines 320 1,670
Cincinatti Reds
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Pete Rose 601 2,722
Barry Larkin 441 2,180
Joey Votto 412 1,771
Dave Concepcion 389 2,115
Johnny Bench 381 2,158
Cleveland Indians
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Tris Speaker 486 1,519
Nap Lajoie 424 1,614
Earl Averill 377 1,509
Joe Sewell 375 1,513
Lou Boudreau 367 1,560
Colorado Rockies
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Todd Heltonr 492 2,247
Larry Walker 297 1,170
Carlos Gonzalez 277 1,247
Dante Bichette 270 1,018
Nolan Arenado 262 1,079
Detroit Tigers
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Ty Cobb 665 2,806
Charlie Gehringer 574 2,323
Al Kaline 498 2,894
Harry Heilmann 497 1,991
Lou Whitaker 420 2,390
Houston Astros
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Craig Biggio 668 2,850
Jeff Bagwell 488 2,150
Lance Berkman 375 1,592
NCesar Cedeno 343 1,512
Jose Cruz 335 1,870
Kansas City Royals
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
George Brett 665 2,707
Hal McRae 449 1,837
Frank White 407 2,324
Amos Otis 365 1,891
Alex Gordon 357 1,753
Los Angeles Angels
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Garrett Anderson 489 2,013
Tim Salmon 339 1,672
Brian Downing 282 1,661
Darin Erstad 279 1,320
Mike Trout 260 1,252
Los Angeles Dodgers
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Zack Wheat 464 2,322
Duke Snider 343 1,923
Steve Garvey 333 1,727
Pee Wee Reese 330 2,166
Carl Furillo 324 1,806
Milwaukee Brewers
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Robin Yount 583 2,856
Ryan Braun 408 1,766
Paul Molitor 405 1,856
Cecil Cooper 345 1,490
Geoff Jenkins 287 1,234
Minnesota Twins
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Sam Rice 479 2,307
Joe Mauer 428 1,858
Joe Judge 421 2,084
Kirby Puckett 414 1,783
Mickey Vernon 391 1,805
New York Mets
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
David Wright 390 1,585
Jose Reyes 272 1,365
Daniel Murphy 228 903
Ed Kranepool 225 1,853
Howard Johnson 214 1,154
New York Yankees
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Derek Jeter 544 2,747
Lou Gehrig 534 2,164
Bernie Williams 449 2,076
Don Mattingly 442 1,785
Babe Ruth 424 2,084
Los Angeles Angels
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Garrett Anderson 489 2,013
Tim Salmon 339 1,672
Brian Downing 282 1,661
Darin Erstad 279 1,320
Mike Trout 260 1,252
Oakland Athletics
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Jimmie Dykes 365 1,702
Al Simmons 348 1,290
Harry Davis 319 1,413
Bob Johnson 307 1,459
Bing Miller 292 1,361
Philadelphia Phillies
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Jimmy Rollins 479 2,090
Ed Delahanty 442 1,555
Mike Schmidt 408 2,404
Bobby Abreu 348 1,353
Chase Utley 346 1,551
Pittsburgh Pirates
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Paul Waner 558 2,154
Honus Wagner 551 2,433
Roberto Clemente 440 2,433
Willie Stargell 423 2,360
Max Carey 375 2,178
San Diego Padres
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Tony Gwynn 543 2,440
Garry Templeton 195 1,286
Brian Giles 189 833
Chase Headley 187 935
Dave Winfield 179 1,117
San Francisco Giants
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Willie Mays 504 2,857
Mel Ott 488 2,730
Barry Bonds 381 1,976
Bill Terry 373 1,721
Willie McCovey 308 2,256
Seattle Mariners
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Edgar Martinez 514 2,055
Ken Griffey Jr. 341 1,685
Ichiro Suzuki 295 1,861
Kyle Seager 280 1,321
Jay Buhner 231 1,440
St. Louis Cardinals
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Stan Musial 725 3,026
Albert Pujols 455 1,705
Lou Brock 434 2,289
Yadier Molina 381 2,025
Joe Medwick 377 1,216
Tampa Bay Rays
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Evan Longoria 338 1,435
Ben Zobrist 229 1,064
Carl Crawford 215 1,235
Melvin Upton, Jr. 202 966
Aubrey Huff 172 799
Texas Rangers
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Michael Young 415 1,823
Ivan Rodriguez 352 1,507
Rafael Palmeiro 321 1,573
Juan Gonzalez 320 1,400
Elvis Andrus 303 1,652
Toronto Blue Jays
Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Carlos Delgado 343 1,423
Vernon Wells 339 1,393
Tony Fernandez 291 1,450
Lloyd Moseby 242 1,392
George Bell 237 1,181
Washington Nationals

Note: Includes Montreal Expos

Player Name # of Doubles # of Games
Ryan Zimmerman 401 1,689
Tim Wallach 360 1,767
Jose Vidro 304 1,186
Andre Dawson 295 1,143
Tim Raines 281 1,452

Who are the Single-Season Leaders Leaders for Each Team (All-Time and Since 1980)?

Wesley Lyles

Wesley is a jack of all trades hobbyist. Though much of his spare time is spent playing board games (especially solo card games like Legendary), Hearthstone, Rocket League, and MLB The Show.e He also enjoys most sports, but pays way too much attention to baseball and football.

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